• Broxburn Oil Works

    Broxburn Oil Works

  • West Main Street, Uphall

    West Main Street, Uphall

  • Almondell House

    Almondell House

  • Millers Bridge, Uphall

    Millers Bridge, Uphall

  • The Viaduct, Broxburn

    The Viaduct, Broxburn

  • The Gates, Main Street, Uphall

    The Gates, Main Street, Uphall

  • Viaduct, Broxburn

    Viaduct, Broxburn

  • Looking East along Main Street, Uphall

    Looking East along Main Street, Uphall

  • Main Street, Broxburn

    Main Street, Broxburn

  • Ecclesmachan Road, Uphall

    Ecclesmachan Road, Uphall

  • Almondell Bridge

    Almondell Bridge

  • Main Street, Uphall

    Main Street, Uphall

  • Greendykes Road, Broxburn

    Greendykes Road, Broxburn

  • St Nicholas Church, Uphall

    St Nicholas Church, Uphall

  • Main Street, Broxburn

    Main Street, Broxburn

  • Middleton Hall, Uphall

    Middleton Hall, Uphall

  • Station Road, Broxburn

    Station Road, Broxburn

  • Staff of Uphall Public School

    Staff of Uphall Public School

  • West End, Broxburn

    West End, Broxburn

  • Gala Day at Uphall Public School

    Gala Day at Uphall Public School

  • Station Road, Broxburn

    Station Road, Broxburn

  • Uphall Gala Day Parade - July 1926

    Uphall Gala Day Parade - July 1926

  • Broxburn Academy

    Broxburn Academy

  • Old Mill, Uphall

    Old Mill, Uphall

  • Goschen Place, Broxburn

    Goschen Place, Broxburn

  • Tram on Main Street, Uphall

    Tram on Main Street, Uphall

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Uphall - Village Origins

Records indicate that Strathbrock Castle and St Nicholas Church (still known locally as Strathbrock Church) were both built in the 12th century.  It seems likely that Uphall, and Broxburn, therefore started life back in the early 12th century.  The village would have housed the peasants and staff who worked for Lord Strabrok.

Between the 12th and 17th centuries - the area remained rural.  Industry of any sort didn't arrive until the 17th century.

During the 17th and 18th centuries, various mining took place in Uphall (coal, limestone, ironstone and freestone).  The population of Uphall and Broxburn expanded greatly in the 19th century with the advent of the shale oil industry.  An indicator of the local success are the population figures.  In 1871, the population stood at 360.  By 1891, that figure had risen to 922.  By the end of the next decade, the figure stood at 1,840!

In 1920, the Pumpherston, Broxburn, Oakbank and Philpstoun works merged with Youngs Oil Company to form Scottish Oils Ltd.  Middleton Hall became the headquarters of the new company.  Within a few years, the company constructed the Middleton Estate housing.   This was housing for its workers (Burnside Road, Middleton Avenue, Middleton Road and Westhall Gardens).

With the substantial increase in population, services such as banking, shops and transport were soon moving into Uphall Main Street.

The demise of Scottish Oils Ltd occurred in the early 1960's.  The staff were transferred to Grangemouth Refinery or made redundant.

In the early 1960's, a new firm, Motherwell Bridge Thermal, moved into the former workshops of Scottish Oils Ltd.  In 1993, the downturn in the oil and gas industry resulted in the factory closing.  The factory was demolished in early 2002 and the area is now the Persimmon Homes development of South Middleton.

The population of Uphall now stands at roughly 4,500 (population of Broxburn is roughly 8,500).  There is now substantial house building in Uphall and Broxburn.

Who knows what the next one hundred years have in store for Uphall ?

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